IPPC licence application
to avoid the costs
As a result of changes
in the IPPC
Directive, more and more companies are required to have
an IPPC licence. Where a licence is required, there are significant
time and cost factors involved - not only in making the application,
but also with ongoing compliance costs.
This article discusses the cost implications of a licence
application and suggests that, where possible, the need for
a licence should be avoided by undertaking processes changes.
The typical cost of applying for a licence (including EPA
application fee, newspaper advertisement and consultancy)
would be a minimum of €16,000.
Should the EPA request further information - such as air
dispersion models - the total cost can rise to over €20,000.
In addition, however, the running costs of the licence also need
to be considered. These include -
||the Annual Environmental Report
||EPA Licence Fees
|| testing of bunds - and
At present, the annual EPA fees are based on the activities and
size of the company - together with additional charges driven by
the number of EPA inspections. Licence fees range from €6,000 -
for a small compliant site - to a possible €30,000 for larger non-compliant
sites. Monitoring fees, typically, range from €2,000 per year -
for a small printing plant - to over €20,000 per year for a large
The cost of installing and running pollution abatement equipment
(e.g. thermal oxiders for printers) is often overlooked. It is always
possible to meet the specified limits without abatement and, therefore,
the cost needs to be included in the budget. Capital costs of abatement
- for example, for a thermal oxidiser - would be over €100,000 with
additional high running costs.
Having considered the costs involved, it is well worth examining
if - by changing processes (e.g. moving from solvent to water-based
inks or paints), subcontracting some activities (e.g. plating) or
downsizing (reducing the volume of plating tanks) - the need for
a licence can be avoided altogether.
In the current economic climate, overheads are factors which need
to be constantly evaluated - e.g. the recent increase in energy
costs - and any opportunity to reduce - or, indeed, eliminate -
these costs, serves only to increase the profitability and stability
of the company.
has been reproduced by kind permission of Bob Sutcliffe, MIMechE,
MCIWM, MBA C.Eng, Director, Environmental Efficiency, Consulting
Environmental Efficiency has advised a large number of clients
on the IPPC application process - and, in many cases, successfully
initiated changes to avoid the need for such a licence. Indeed,
much of this work can be grant-aided, subject to eligibility.
 Tel: +353 (0)1 2761428; Email:
firstname.lastname@example.org; Web: www.enviro-consult.com